Prairie Trails, Cowtowns, Cattle Towns, Trails and Cowboys

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The Kansas Cowboy, Kansas Cattle Towns, Kansas Cowtowns,
KS Cattle Trails
Town County Date Railroad Cattle Trail
Baxter Springs Cherokee 1860's/1870's ???? Old Shawnee Trail
Old Coffeyville Montgomery Leavenworth, Lawrence & Gulf
Abilene Dickinson 1867/1872 Kansas Pacific Chisholm Trail
Brookville Saline 1867/1870's Kansas Pacific
Ellsworth Ellsworth 1872/1873 Kansas Pacific Cox's Trail/Ellsworth Cattle Trail
Ellis Ellis ????/???? Kansas Pacific
Newton Harvey Jul 1871/1872 Santa Fe Chisholm Trail
Wichita Sedgwick 1872/1878 Santa Fe Chisholm Trail
Dodge City Ford 1875/1885 Santa Fe Western Trail
Caldwell Sumner 1867/???? Chisholm Trail

The Kansas Heritage Server would like to thank Mary Ann Thompson for contributing this material about Kansas Cattletowns, Kansas Cowtowns and the Kansas Cowboy.

"By 1869 the main trails were well defined...the best known of these was the Chisholm Trail...the Chisholm Trail ran north from Red River station across the Indian Territories, and entered Kansas near Caldwell. It crossed the Arkansas River at Wichita and continued past the present site of Newton to Abilene. The 'old Shawnee Trail' led from the Red River to Baxter Springs in southeastern Kansas, another northern shipping point opened about the same time as Abilene, but never so important as a cattle market. In the seventies, the trail through the Creek Nation to Baxter was known as the Okmulkee Route. Between the two main trails was the 'west Shawnee Trail', which left its namesake near the Canadian River and ended at Junction City. A new trail, known as Cox's Trail or the Ellsworth Cattle Trail, was surveyed to Ellsworth in the spring of 1873...the new route branched off from the old trail at the Pond Creek ranch about half way between Salt Fork of the Arkansas river and Pond Creek, Indian Territories, and ran by way of Kingman and Ellinwood to Ellsworth...trails were established to Dodge City and other points in western Kansas, and many herds were driven by thousands of cowboys to Nebraska and other northern and western states and territories."
Source: Streeter, Floyd B. Prairie Trails and Cow Towns.

' Home on the Range' is the Kansas state song.
It became the official state song on June 30, 1947.

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